Monday, November 20, 2017



The Golfo Corcovado and Guafo mouth area is located south of the big Chiloe island in Chile. It is an important area for marine mammals, including threatened species. It is noteworthy as the breeding site and foraging ground of a recently discovered blue whale population. This area is home to the largest sooty shearwater colony in the world.

 

Conservation Status

Vulnerable

Jurisdiction

Chilean Territorial Sea, Región de Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo and Región de los Lagos, Provinces of Aysén, Palena and Chiloé.

Biogeographical Region

Temperate seas of South America. Magellanic Province. Ecoregion: Chiloense.

Surface

28.000 km2

Types of Habitats

Coastal environments of sand and rocky beaches, fjords, channels and islands. Pelagic, demersal and benthic shelf environments.  Beds of cold water sponges and coral reefs.

Species Richness

Over 700 marine invertebrate species; 410 bony fish and 30 cartilaginous fish species; 31 marine mammal species (cetaceans and pinnipeds) and 2 otter species; 110 bird species; 12 algae species.

Main Uses

Artisanal fishery for invertebrates and fish. Industrial fishery for   hake and Patagonian grenadier. Intensive salmon and mollusc farming. Navigation and maritime transport.  Scientific research.  Tourism.

Threats

Impacts associated with aquaculture: eutrophication, excessive use of antibiotics, discharge of dead salmon, inappropriate waste treatment, illegal sea lion hunting, cetacean and bird entangling in fishing gear. Maritime traffic. Overfishing for anchovy, hake and benthic resources (sea urchins and algae).

Management - Main Government Bodies

Ministerio del Medio Ambiente, Ministerio de Bienes Nacionales, Dirección General del Territorio Marítimo y de Marina Mercante (DIRECTEMAR), Subsecretaría de Pesca (SUBPESCA), Servicio Nacional de Pesca (SERNAPESCA), Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF), Autoridad Marítima competente de la respectiva Zona Naval, Regiones de Los Lagos y de Aysén: Intendencias and Consejos Regionales.

Level of Protection

No marine protected areas in this sector. Currently the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Centro Ballena Azul advocate the establishment of a Coastal Marine Protected Area for Multiple Uses.
Fishing regulations for resources of commercial interest are in place.

 


Blue Whales © R. Hucke-Gaete (UACh-CBA)

 


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